Main page > The exhibitions of the museum  > Slavonic mythology forest
      Main page                                 
      About the museum                    
      Museum news                           
      The history of the museum          
      The structure of the museum      
      The exhibitions of the museum
        • Ancient sanctuary
             Tomskaya pisanitsa
        • Architectural and ethnographic
             complex Shor ulus Kezek
        • Mythology and epos
             of Siberian peoples
        • Archaedrom
        • Museum
             of Asian Rock Art
        • Slavonic mythology forest
        • Time and Calendars
        • Museum of Natural History
        • Architectural and ethnographic
             complex Russian Siberian
        • Zone fairy tale
        • Mongolian jurt
        • Church
      The nature of the museum-        
      Holidays at museum-                   
      The Residence of Siberian            
      Grandfather Frost                       
      Operating mode                         
      The project Adopt the pet      

Slavonic mythology forest

The exposition is opened in1997. The systematic population of the Siberian earth began since the beginning of XVII centuries according to the plans of Russian government and today the majority of the populations of Siberia compose Russians. The influence of the pre-Christian layer of Slav culture was determining in the formation of Russian orthodox tradition. Before the adoption Christianity the Slavs were heathens and were carried out rites on the heathen temple. At present the scientists agreed to understand the heathen temple as the place of the sending of the cult.

One of the most interesting heathen sanctuaries is the sanctuary of Perun near Novgorod of great in the natural boundary of Peryn' in Il'men' lake. The heathen temple elevated on Tomskaya Pisanitsa, is the reconstruction of this sanctuary, reduced two times. Area is paved by the stones for facilitating the survey. For this purpose the ditch is substituted with the stones lined on the edge of lobes. On the exposition in the center of the heathen temple is located the copy of Zbruchs idol.

Zbruchskiy idol is the sculpture of X century. This is one of the rare monuments of Slav heathen cult which was discovered near Gusyatin village in river Zbruch (inflow of Dniester) in 1848. After the adoption of Christianity probably it was rejected into the water (similar to the idols of Perun in Kiev and Novgorod).
Zbruchskiy idol - tetrahedral column with three tiers of the patterns: in the lower represented underground deity, on the average - earth and people, in the upper - sky and gods (attributes of main god - horse and sword). Head of Zbruch idol has 4 faces: Makosh, Lada, Perun and, it is supposedly, Dazhd'bog, covered with the Russian princely cap (spherical with the fur edge).

On the heathen temple Slavs kindled ritual fire. These bonfires separated from the "living fire" - that obtained by friction. The construction for the obtaining of fire is represented on the exposition. Around the heathen temple are located the mock-ups of the basic Slav idols: Rod - the ancestor of the universe, Rozhanitsy - the celestial mistresses of peace, Veles - "skotiy god", Ruyevit - the god of war the judge of souls in the world of the dead , Svarog - the father of the god of the sun, Svyatovid - fertility, Chur - the guardian of boundaries, Yarilo - the deity of the sun and fertility.


In the circle the heathen temple is enclosed by the wooden paling, on which hang the skulls of sacrificial animals. Circle and oval - magic figures for the Slavs. On the exposition "Slavonic mythology forest" is conducted the adapted to stage excursion "dedication in the soldiers of Perun".




           WWF Russia.         
      © 2009  The historical cultural and natural museum-preserve "Tomskaya Pisanitsa"


English version of site